1900-1939… The era of the stagecoaches, bogies, and horse-drawn carriages already sinking into the past... Klaipėda becomes a modern city with transportation facilities, the first cars, buses and a tram, the pride of the city. Water transport has always been available for Klaipėda as a port city however land transport (mail, railway, and public transport) was important none the less. Klaipėda post was not only an important transportation and communication object; post-office buildings decorated and are still decorating the city.
Photographs, postcards, and transport tickets exhibited represent just a small part of the AdM archive transmitted to Klaipėda County I. Simonaitytė Public Library on 5 October 2011.
ArbeitsgemeinschaftderMemellandkreise (AdM), the Working Group for Klaipėda Region in Lithuanian, was established in West Germany in 1948. This is a union of departed residents of Klaipėda Region and their descendants. Since its founding, the AdM Society had been striving to preserve and collect the documents, books, maps, photographs, illustrations and other materials which belonged to former residents of Klaipėda Region.
Re-establishment of independence in 1991 created particularly favorable conditions for the AdM society to maintain relations with Lithuania and Klaipėda. A sculpture by Tarava Anike in the Theatre Square, a “Farewell” sculpture, memorial plaques to astronomer Argelander and Queen Louise represent only a small part of the society’s enterprises.
The main task of the AdM archive is collection and storage of all the materials that have documentary value for the city and region of Klaipėda.
The archive is composed from various types of documents: books, newspaper picture clippings, postcards, maps, theater posters, programmes, etc. Manuscripts, personal papers, and letters are especially valuable since they excellently reflect the life of the region. Glass negatives of the first half of the 20th century, the unique drawings of the “MemelerDampfboot” printing-house (1937) signed by architect H. Reismann and publisher W. Siebert, as well as original paintings portraying fragments of Klaipėda and Klaipėda Region are defined against the large variety of iconographic material, photographs, postcards, slides.
The archive presents a large range of the areas of life in the city and region of Klaipėda: culture, art, industry, agriculture, fisheries, shipping, sports, and literature.
This exhibition is the first of a series of exhibitions “When Klaipėda Was Known asMemel...”.